The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was an attempt by traitors to blow up Parliament and the King of England.
The traitors included the famous Guy Fawkes, who the British people routinely place on top of our bonfires.
Guy Fawkes was caught just in time preparing the explosives that would have devastated Parliament (below).
The traitors wanted Britain to be ruled by Europe and be subjugated by the Catholic Church.
The thwarting of the Gunpowder Plot was commemorated for many years afterwards by special sermons and other public events such as the ringing of church bells, which evolved into the British tradition of 'Bonfire Night'.
The setting off of fireworks on Bonfire Night is linked to the attempted bombing of Parliament during the Gunpowder Plot.
Bonfire Night is a unique British tradition and an important part of our culture.
It is important that we continue to celebrate Bonfire Night, but we should always remember the reason why we do.